The History of Kolkata
According to the ancient myth the corpse of Sati(the wife of Lord Shiva) fell from the sky and that land was named as Kalikata i.e. Kolkata. There are various other myth related this beautiful city.
Back in the I690, Kolkata was nothing but a small rural segment of Bengal. Later it was combined together with villages such as Sutanuti and Gobindapur to form Calcutta. This event took place due to the initiative of Job Charnock, a British agent. He identified the significance of Hooghly and after lot of efforts; the British East India Company was able to buy Sutanuti, Gobindapur, and Kalikata from Sabarna Roy Choudhury.
Calcutta was created with an intention of expanding and flourishing the British trade in India and they were quite successful in achieving their objective. The British turned Calcutta into a mini London near Hooghly or at least created an illusion of it with buildings, broad avenues, huge churches, and beautiful gardens.
The city as recapture by the Nawab Siraj-ud-Daula of Murshidabad. It is said that during the recapturing the Nawab locked up a huge number of English noblemen in a dungeon beneath Fort William. By dawn, around forty of these men died of suffocation. On the grounds of these event a moral outrages was fuelled in Britain by falsely exaggerating the number of deceased and this legend is popularly known as “‘Black Hole of Calcutta’”.
The 19th century marked the rise of Bengali renaissance. This movement fuelled the fire of Indian Independence. The Bengalis came forward and firmly protested against the Britishers. The protest had a great impact that Britishers were forced to move their colonial base from Calcutta to Delhi in 1911. After “Uprising of 1857,” this was the first time when people of India realised the power of unity.
The Independence movement strengthened with time and on “15 august 1947,” India was declared as an independent nation. In 2001, Calcutta as renamed to Kolkata. Over the course of its history, this historic city has been home to many famous personalities such as Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad, Satyajit Ray, Subhas Chandra Bose, Kazi Nazrul Islam, Swami Vivekananda, Rabindranath Tagore, and Mother Teresa etc.
Over the year, the momentous city has grown in various different sectors such as literature, information technology, manufacturing sector and many more. The story of this incredibly vibrant city cannot be wrapped up in a blog. However, I have tried my best, hope you people like it and please let me know if you have any suggestions.